Monthly Archives: February 2012

What is Neurotology?

Neurotology is the study and practice of medical and surgical disorders that involve the ear, adjacent brain, and the nerve connections within this region (known as the lateral skull base). In addition to all disorders of hearing and balance, Neurotologists also treat disorders of the facial nerve, tumors of the inner ear and skull base, and abnormal connections between the brain and temporal bone. In actuality, the meanings of the terms Otology and Neurotology overlap quite a bit. Nevertheless, a Neurotologist’s training provides the ability to treat disorders, ranging from simple to complex, that involve the area of the temporal bone and lateral skull base.

What is Otology?

Otology is the study and practice of medical and surgical disorders of the ear. These include disorders related to hearing and balance. Some common problems treated by Neurotologists include infections of the ear canal and middle ear (including cholesteatoma and chronic otitis media), eardrum perforations, hearing loss (including conductive, mixed, and sensorineural types), vertigo, and ear ringing. Neurotologists possess Ear, Nose, and Throat training but go on to complete additional fellowship training focusing on Otology and Neurotology.